Essentially, you can divide the various programming languages that you need to know into two different classes the Front End and the Back End.
HTML & CSS
HTML is a markup language (not programming one), and its basic functionality is to determine what kind of elements are in a given web page. Next, you can use CSS to determine how the elements will look like. Generally speaking, both languages working together give it web page its appearance and functionality.
Learning both of these languages is mandatory for web developers as well as most web designers.
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Makes up 40% of today’s websites built you see out there in the Cloud today. So, with a language that dominates the web as it is packed with powerful functions and features it makes it the perfect Back End builder. While it is not perfect as it generates HTML pages, which you need to learn first. The other drawback is PHP can only be run on a server. That means in order to see the results of your test programs you need to be able to run in a server environment. Fortunately, they are available such as Xampp, which you can download for free and if you want to learn more about installing and working with it click here.
short for Structured Query Language, SQL is the most common language used by high-tech workers and developers to extract and update data both to and from databases. It is considered a declarative language more than a procedural one. (Like PHP) Still, it has some procedural features built-in.If you wish to develop dynamic websites that relies on databases, learning SQL is a must. SQL is not a hard language to learn and a lot of courses out there teach it. Statisticians and data analysts also use it together along with other languages such as Python and R. perhaps it’s not the best language to start with, but it defiantly recommended to learn it at some point.
This is one of the more popular general-purpose languages and is used by many websites. It powers the back end of many of the largest websites out there. It is also precise enough be used to test the microchips used in video game consoles. One of the other great things about this language is it has a large user community that continually shares information amongst themselves. In this way, the language keeps evolving and the expertise is shared among pros and newbies alike. It is considered one of the easiest languages to learn because it is very much like English and its syntax. That’s why we highly recommend that back and developers cut their teeth with Python if they want to learn the ins and outs of how to make a website run properly.
A wonderful back end language that is very popular among developers who use Ruby and Rails for its full stack framework. Many times developer’s code with PHP or other languages decides to learn Ruby as well. When using this language to develop web apps this is highly recommended. Ruby is also known for its simplicity as well as some other great features such as you don’t have to repeat code that you’ve written already. While some people advocate that, this is a good language to start with.
We, however, believe that there are other languages, which are even easier to learn with a simpler syntax.
So what programming language a beginner should start with?
Note- These are only a few of the many languages out there that can be used to create a backend for your website. Some of the others like C, C++, Java, ASP.net, and Perl. But, if you look at the web developer market today, the 4 languages we’ve already discussed are the most common ones and newbies are getting their feet wet with web programming usually prefer to start by learning them first and then branching out to the more difficult ones. For example, it is best to use the ones we recommended before you get into smartphone/web apps using Apple’s SWIFT development language for the iOS Operating System.
In the last couple of years, there has been a surge in demand for what they call “Full Stack Developers.” This is a developer who can work equally well on the front end as well as the back. If you want to continue to being current. This is the wave of the future in the next couple of years. Remember the more you learn, the more you can do, the more you can earn, and the more versatile you’ll be.